Archive for the ‘imperative’ Tag

Mone me, amabo te, si erro   Leave a comment

Well I hope everyone’s holiday went great! Mine went swimmingly. I got stripey socks! I am the only person in the world who enjoys getting socks for Christmas.

After Christmas I picked up the Latin thing again. I have now completed the first chapter of Wheelock’s Latin. This chapter covers the basic concept of conjugation and declension — how Latin modifies each verb and noun, based on:

Person: Who is the subject?

I throw the ball (first)
You throw the ball (second)
He throws the ball (third)

Number: How many people are the subject?

The boy threw the ball (singular)
They threw the ball (plural)

Mood: Is the action happening? Is it hypothetical? Is it an order?

The boy throws the ball (indicative)
The boy must throw the ball (subjunctive)
Throw the ball, boy! (imperative)

Voice: Is the subject doing the action, or is the action being performed to the subject?

The boy throws the ball (active)
The ball was thrown to the boy (passive)

Tense: Present, past, future, imperfect, perfect, future perfect, and pluperfect
Which homygosh did I freak out when I saw that. I remember being worried that pluperfect was going to be complicated the first time I took Latin. Actually I think perfect tense was the most complicated, or maybe it was imperfect. I don’t remember.

The boy throws the ball (present)
The boy threw the ball (past)
The boy will throw the ball (future)
The boy was throwing the ball (imperfect)
The boy has thrown the ball (perfect)
The boy will have thrown the ball (future perfect)
The boy had been throwing the ball (pluperfect)

…Yeah, that’s seven different tenses to conjugate verbs in. That’s in the indicative mood! Later there will be hypotheticals and passives all thrown into this wingwang and it will be be insane. Latin is not a difficult language, but it involves a lot of memorizing charts. You have to just kind of accept that when you become a Latin student.

So this week we only focused on changes on person and number. Everything was in the indicative present mood, except for a few example sentences in the imperative. To be fair, imperative is pretty simple. You take the root word:

Volare (fly)

Chop off the ending bit:


And…actually that’s it. Well you should probably stick an exclamation point on that.


And if you’re ordering multiple things? You just add -te to the end.


And if you want to be a nerd:

Voltate, stulti! (fly, you fools!)

So yeah, this week was pretty simple. Just a lot of basic introduction of concepts. The sample sentences tried to throw in pronouns and conjunctions to throw us off, but yeah.

Labor me vocat (work calls me)
Saepe nihil cogitas (often you are thinking nothing)
Laudas me; culpant me (you praise me, they blame me)
Bis das, si cito das (You give twice, if you give quickly)
Salvete!–Quid videtis? Nihil videmus. (Greetings! What do you see? We see nothing)

Vocabulary that tripped me up:

debeo, debere, debui, debitum, to owe, ought, must — can you believe “data” and “dedicate” have the same root?
servo, servare, servavi, servatum, to preserve, save, keep, guard — I get this mixed up with servio, servire, servivi, servitum, serve, be a slave to
do, dare, dedi, datum, to give, offer — the indicative form is so short that I often mistake it for a pronoun. I need to make an effort to remember this one.

Posted December 30, 2011 by agentksilver in Latin

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